Simple Tests to Assess Health.
Ability to sit and rise from the floor as a predictor of all-cause mortality.
“Regarding muscular fitness, it is clear that muscle wasting and sarcopenia are physiologic attributes closely related to the aging process and likely contribute to the muscle strength decrement in older adults. The primary musculoskeletal changes that occur with aging include decreases in muscle mass, reductions in the number, and size of type II fibers, as well as a reduced number of motor units. These changes may lead to impairment in muscle strength determined by maximum voluntary contraction, which has been associated with an increased fall risk in the elderly. The loss of strength with aging appears to begin at about 35 years of age. As previously stated, lack of strength and/or muscle power has also been associated with poor survival. Thus, while not directly assessing muscle power, the SRT may reflect this metric without the need for a cumbersome test that would not be suitable for some older subjects. Evidence demonstrates that the indices of functional status in the elderly are strongly related to lower limb muscle power and strength, suggesting the potential use of the SRT as a functional assessment tool in elderly subjects.”
HOW FIT ARE YOU, REALLY?
Physical fitness is key to a long life and good health. Your body’s capacity to transport and use oxygen during exercise (VO2 max) is the most precise measure of overall cardiovascular fitness. Based on the extensive research of The K. G. Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, you can easily estimate your fitness level by answering a few questions. https://www.worldfitnesslevel.org/#/
Grip Strength and the Risk of Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Cohort Studies
“Conclusions: Our cohort study provides evidence that HGS is associated with several markers of cognitive aging, including neuroimaging markers of cerebral small vessel disease and subtypes of dementia. Our findings add to a small but growing body of research indicating that the association between muscle strength and dementia may be due to vascular mechanisms and that interventions designed to increase muscle strength, particularly among middle-aged adults, may hold promise for the maintenance of neurocognitive brain health.”